November 11, 2017
One of the most important questions in physics is what is the medium in space responsible for the transmission of light and forces. Throughout much of history, space was thought of as a container filled with a medium commonly known as aether. After the Michaelson-Morley experiment there were doubts about the existence of aether and some physicists, most notably Albert Einstein, chose to reject the idea that space contains a physical medium. In formulating his theory of special relativity Einstein denied the existence of a physical medium. At the same time, he was forced to conceive of space as a physical medium with physical properties of spatial and time dimensions that changed when his conceptual physical space moved relative to other space. For unknown reasons, physicists did not recognize the fallacy behind Einstein’s logic of a non-physical yet physical space. A few years prior, Max Planck determined that every system experiences oscillations at a non-zero energy, which Einstein called zero-point energy. Over the past century scientists have accumulated substantial evidence that space does contain zeropoint energy confirming that space contains a medium.