Quantum Theory / Particle Physics
July 13, 2016
Atom, periodic law, chemical element, atomic number, table of elements, Mendeleev, inert gas, electron shell, electron orbit
Atomic number of a chemical element is determined not by the number of protons in its nucleus, but by the particularities of its electronic shell structure. Electronic shell structure particularities include the presence therein of such or another number of satellite electron groupings composed with such or another number of electrons, the satellites composed as groupings with different number of electrons occupying circum-nuclear orbits differently distanced from the atomic nucleus. Different distancing of electronic orbits from the atom’s nucleus results from that satellites of smaller mass (smaller screening area), similarly to astronomic planetary (satellite) systems, have to place themselves closer to the atom’s nucleus, while those of greater mass have to do it on the periphery of the electronic shell. Atom’s electronic shell has to be composed with a certain number of electronic orbits, on each of which have to turn in opposite directions a pair of identical groupings of certain number of electrons. Electronic shells of different elements atoms distinguish themselves by their ranges, which are the numbers of their farthest orbits. Shells of the same ranges compose Groups and distinguish themselves by fullness of their orbits. The known chemical elements make up 14 Groups that have total of 14 orbits, reserved for electronic groupings of different numbers of electrons.