March 31, 2015
Non Entrained Aether, Light Speed Anisotropy, Origin of Mass, Synchroniza- tion Procedures, Variable Proper Mass, Measurement Distortions, Aether Drift
The laws of physics dealing with mass and energy are reviewed in the light of the assumption of a fundamental aether frame, relative to which clocks slow down and meter sticks contract, as a function of their speed with respect to this frame. The existence of such a privileged aether frame and of an aether non-entrained by the motion of celestial bodies rely today on weighty theoretical and experimental arguments [1A,1B,1F,1G] and [14-18]. The real physical processes affecting rods and clocks are supported by their ability to rationally account for the apparent isotropy of the speed of light. However, the dimension of the rods and the ticking of the clocks being dependent on their absolute velocity, give a distorted view of reality: the physical data are subjected to alterations and need to be corrected. As a result of these corrections, they assume a different mathematical form, which reflects their real value. In the text which follows we propose to highlight the corrected form of the basic laws dealing with mass and energy. This concerns the mass-energy equivalence law and the variation of mass with speed. The real proper mass of moving bodies is shown to vary as a function of their absolute speed, and the kinetic energy is shown not to be observer dependent. The compatibility of special relativity with mass-energy conservation is discussed, and ...