McMahon, Casey Ray
May 01, 2016
electron orbital radius, radius, electron, orbital, proton, electron, nucleus, force, hydrogen, hydrogen nucleus, nuclear force
Here, I use the McMahon field theory to determine the orbital distance of the electron in the hydrogen atom in metres, as well as the force of the proton (hydrogen nucleus) on the electron in Newtons. This is done both under Newtonian conditions which ignore relativity, and relativity conditions. From this, using the inverse square law, I calculated the equivalent force at the centre of the hydrogen nucleus, both under relativity conditions and ignoring relativity. I found that under relativity conditions, all electron orbitals appear to overlap in each individual atom, not just in the hydrogen atom. This explains why we can observe the physical world and solid matter, even though matter is mostly empty space. Under conditions that ignore relativity, we can see that different electrons have different orbitals in each atom, thus atoms really are mostly empty space, but relativity prevents such empty space from being observed, so we instead observe the physical world.