Williams, Joel Mann
Quantum Theory / Particle Physics
August 24, 2013
spdf model, atomic orbital shapes, spdf spatial overlapping, spdf orbital chart, 3D orbital models
The currently accepted, QM, spdf electron model is a collection of individual orbital sets designed to handle 1, 3, 5 and 7 groupings. For anyone who takes enough chemistry, these mathematically generated images are some of the most memorable – as separate presentations, that is. When combined in 3D space to contain 32 electrons, they are a mess as the sets are not orthogonal to one another; nor are they dynamic. The spdf orbital sets, their shapes, orientations, and spatial overlapping are addressed.