**Author:**

Baixauli, Jose Garrigues

**Category:**

Research Papers

**Sub-Category:**

Quantum Theory / Particle Physics

**Date Published:**

November 08, 2016

**Abstract:**

The hypothesis that both the Universe and particles possess four spatial dimensions, together with the quantification of space, allows us to apply the equations of classical macroscopic physics to elementary particles and obtain a four-dimensional spatial particle or atoms of space and time, from which they derive all other particles: electrons, photons, quarks, etc. and their corresponding antiparticles. Energy is the curvature of space, mass is due to rotation of the particle in four-dimensional space, while the charge is the time or period it takes to go around the fourth dimension. Two rotations, one in space and the other in the fourth dimension, suffice to obtain four different particles, two electrons and two positrons with spins ±1/2. The photon is an atom of space-time, turning only in three-dimensional space.

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