April 24, 2012
National Geographic  has published a special issue on 100 Scientific Discoveries that Changed the World, including latest breakthroughs, thrilling innovations and ancient discoveries. Ten of these discoveries in the area of physics are insufficiently supported by experiment, or contain conceptual errors, or even mathematical errors. Portions of the National Geographic descriptions are quoted and commented upon or refuted, showing that the state of theoretical physics is badly in need of rethinking and revision. The order of discussing these discoveries is connected to the historical record of how one discovery led to another, and one conceptual error led to others. Included on the large scale are: non-Euclidean Space; Special Relativity; General Relativity; Big Bang; Inflation; and then on the small scale: Bohr Atom; Quantum Mechanics; String Theory; Standard Model; and Quantum Gravity.