Quantum Theory / Particle Physics
April 18, 2013
binding energy, nucleons, quark, the strong interaction, nuclear force
The focal point in this paper and the previous papers is that binding energy between nucleons in the nuclide is caused by the quark. At the present time, it is accepted universally that quarks are physical entities. The evidence of the quark comes from some different experiments. The particle that mediates the strong interaction between quarks is called gluon. Its mass is zero, its spin 1 and its electric charge is zero.
The quarks inside the nucleons, because of very strong attraction between them, can not get out of the nucleons. In other words, they are confined in the nuclide. However; for the neighboring nucleons that are close (about 10-15 m), their quarks attract one another strongly and this causes nucleons to have some overlap of their volumes. The quarks are still in common volume of these nucleons with attraction between them. This is the reason why the nucleons inside the nuclide bond together strongly.
Therefore, the nuclear force originates from the quark reaction and the nucleon bond in the nuclide.