**Author:**

Seshavatharam UV, Satya

**Category:**

Research Papers

**Sub-Category:**

Astrophysics

**Date Published:**

September 19, 2012

**Keywords:**

Black hole, planck particle, baby universe, primordial cosmic black hole, light speed rotation, rate of decrease in CMBR temperature and rate of increase in cosmic redshift

**Abstract:**

The concept of `dark energy' is still facing and raising a number of fundamental unresolved problems. `Cosmic acceleration',`dark energy' and `in
ation', are the results of Edwin Hubble's incomplete conclusions. If there is a misinterpretation in Hubble's law - at model of cosmology can not be considered as a correct model of cosmology. If the primordial universe is a natural setting for the creation of black holes and other nonperturbative gravitational entities, it is also possible to assume that throughout its journey, the whole universe is a primordial cosmic black hole. Planck particle can be considered as the baby universe. Key assumption is that, \at any time, cosmic black hole rotates with light speed". Cosmic temperature is inversely proportional to the geometric mean of cosmic mass and planck mass. For this growing cosmic sphere as a whole, while in light speed rotation, `rate of decrease' in temperature is a \primary" measure of cosmic `rate of expansion'. It can be suggested that, `rate of increase in galaxy red shift' from and about the cosmic center is a \secondary" measure of cosmic `rate of expansion'. Present `cosmic mass density' and `cosmic time' are tted with the natural logarithm of ratio of cosmic volume and planck particle's volume.

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