Quantum Theory / Particle Physics
February 18, 2013
nuclear mass; liquid drop model; Coulomb repulsion; quark binding energy.
An approach and new vision in the primary structure around the nuclear from past up to now are an integral part of the modern physics. Precise nuclear binding energies and nuclear structure are basic data for various fields, in particular for nuclear physics. Since the beginning of nuclear physics, nuclear binding energy played a key role in the understanding of the structure of the atomic nucleus. Studying nuclei is interesting from the point of view of their multi-body systems and structures. Lighter and heavier nuclei contain at least two or a few hundred particles and thus their nuclear structure and overlapped between few-particle systems and the large number of particles involved in nuclide therefor design and determination of nuclear structural form based on binding energy is very important. From the Bethe-Weizsäcker formula (also called semi-empirical mass formula) inspired by the liquid-drop model the development of theories of the nucleus has gone a far way. The aim of this article is to explain nuclear structural form in the framework of the total energy consumed by the quark which causes binding energy between all nucleons in the nuclide.