March 24, 2017
Lorentz, Galilean transformation, time dilation, length contraction, light clock, light reflection, frames of reference, photons, speed of light, reciprocal events, moving observers, mathematics
Lorentz transformations have a number of unintuitive features that do not appear in Galilean transformations. For example, they reflect the fact that observers moving at different velocities may measure different distances, elapsed times, and even different orderings of events, but always such that the speed of light is the same in all inertial reference frames.
This gives rise to many awkward questions- asked here. The final result may not comply with current physics!